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David Agullo

July 31, 2021

The History of Cryptocurrencies Before Bitcoin

In recent years, the speculation and innovation worlds have gotten immersed with digital currencies, blockchain applications, and related endeavors and projects. Despite the tidal wave of new computerized monetary forms that have changed the market, in any case, there has remained a solitary digital currency that has held the consideration of the public more than any other: bitcoin. Numerous financial backers consider bitcoin to be the first cryptocurrency. Established in 2009 by a software engineer (or, potentially, a team of developers) under the pseudonym Nakamoto, bitcoin introduced another time of blockchain innovation and decentralized digital currencies.

Satoshi’s whitepaper laying out bitcoin also depicts the idea of blockchain innovation interestingly, saying that “the organization timestamps exchanges by hashing them into a continuous chain of hash-based proof-of-work, forming a record that can’t be changed without re-trying the proof-of-work.” While there is no question that bitcoin revolutionarily affects the cryptocurrency space, is it the first digital currency?


Created during the 1990s, Hashcash was one of the best pre-bitcoin digital monetary standards, as per The Merkle. Hashcash intended for various purposes, including minimizing email spam and forestalling DDoS attacks, Hashcash opened up a wide exhibit of potential outcomes which would only be acknowledged almost twenty years later. For sure, Hashcash also ran into a large number of similar issues as the present cryptocurrencies today; in 1997, facing an increased handling power need, Hashcash, at last, turned out to be less and less effective. Even though it ultimately fizzled out, Hashcash saw an enormous level of revenue in its heyday. Large numbers of the components of the Hashcash system worked their direction into bitcoin’s improvement also.

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Blinded Cash

Around the same time, or maybe considerably earlier, American cryptographer David Chaum tried different things with an alternate type of electronic money. He conceptualized token money which could be moved between people both securely and secretly; once more, the similarities to cutting-edge digital currencies are striking. Chaum developed a so-called “blinding equation” to be utilized to encode data passed between people. “Blinded cash” could be securely moved between people, bearing a mark of credibility and capability to be adjusted without recognizability. Chaum established DigiCash to put his idea several years. Even though DigiCash failed in 1998, the ideas the organization set forward just as a few of its formulas and encryption tools assumed a significant part in the improvement of later digital currencies.

Web-Based Money 

During the 1990s, various new companies put forth efforts at encouraging the objectives of DigiCash. Of these, maybe the organization with the best enduring effect on the more extensive financial world was PayPal (PYPL). PayPal changed individual to individual payment on the web. It permitted people to rapidly and safely transfer money through an internet browser. By interfacing itself with the eBay community, PayPal got a devoted userbase that permitted it to develop and flourish. It remains a significant payment service today. PayPal also propelled its imitators, including organizations that endeavored to give method to exchanging gold through an internet browser. One of the more effective of these activities was called e-gold, which offered people online credit in return for actual gold and other valuable metals. This organization ran into issues with many scams, however, and was at last closed by the central government in 2005.

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When bitcoin was created in 2009, it launched another generation of cryptocurrency. Bitcoin varies from a significant number of is archetypes in its decentralized status and its advancement of blockchain innovation. However, it is hard to imagine the formation of bitcoin, not to mention other digital currencies which have since launched. Without the earlier attempts at digital currencies and electronic money a long time before bitcoin was launched.